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Mary T. Harman Papers


The papers of Dr. Mary Theresa Harman were donated to Kansas State University in 2005 by her niece Marianne Jackson. Most of the papers in the collection are from her years at Kansas State College (1912-1948) while she was an instructor in the Zoology Department, while a smaller segment are from earlier and later periods of her life. Over her lifetime many of her scientific articles were published as well as 2 books which were a textbook and laboratory outlines on embryology.

The papers are housed in 6 boxes. They are divided into seven series: 1) Biographical, 2) Literary, 3) Subject, 4) Diagram, 5) Artifacts, 6) Photographs, and 7) Printed Material.

Mary Theresa Harman was born to Joseph Slingluff and Kezia (Allen) Harman on August 21, 1877 in Odon, Indiana. She graduated from Indiana University in 1907 with a bachelor's degree in botany, 1909 with a master's degree in biology, and in 1912 with a doctorate in zoology. She taught zoology at Pennsylvania State College from 1907 to 1909 and at Indiana University from 1909 to 1912. She began teaching at Kansas State Agricultural College in 1912 specializing in embryology and cytology classes. Besides teaching Mary was involved in the beginnings of both the KSU Social Club and the Kappa Alpha chapter of the Chi Omega sorority, both are still active here at K-State. During the summer she worked at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Station and in 1925 and 1927 at the University of Washington Biological Station at Puget Sound. In 1928 she went to Europe to visit different educational institutions and do research. While in Europe she began to write an embryology textbook that was published in 1932 and used here in the U.S. as well as in China, India, and some South American countries. During her years at K-State she published many scientific papers both alone and with others that furthered knowledge in her scientific fields. Other organizations she was involved in were Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, Phi Kappa Phi, Gamma Sigma Delta, American Society of Zoologists, Genetics Society of America, and American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1948 Mary officially stopped teaching at K-State although she continued to teach a cytology course for seven years afterwards. In 1955 she moved to Camden, North Carolina. She passed away on July 15, 1961.

The collection's accession number is U2007.07. The processing of the papers was completed by Mallory Peterson, archives student processor, on June 12, 2007.

Biographical Sketch

1877        Born in Odon, Indiana on August 21

1906        Summer spent as a Pioneer Maiden with 7 other women

1907        Graduated from Indiana University with a Bachelor of Arts in Botany 

1907-1909   Taught zoology at Pennsylvania State College

1909        Graduated from Indiana University with a Master of Arts in Biology

1909-1912   Taught zoology at Indiana University

1912        Graduated from Indiana University with a Doctor of Philosophy in Zoology

1912-1948   Professor at K-State, taught embryology and cytology

1925        Spent summer at University of Washington Biological station

1926        Served as President of the Kansas Academy of Science

1927        Spent summer at University of Washington Biological station

1928-1929   Spent abroad visiting biological institutions in Europe

1948        Officially retired from teaching at K-State

1955        Moved to Camden, North Carolina

1961        Passed away July 15

Scope and Content Note

The Mary T. Harman Papers contain scientific writing, notes, and classroom aids, interesting artifacts, printed publications either authored by her colleagues or herself, and some photos.

The papers are organized in seven series which include: 1) Biographical, 2) Literary, 3) Subject, 4) Diagrams, 5) Artifacts, 6) Photos, and 7) Printed Materials.

The Biographical series is made up of a notebook of material about Mary that was written by her relatives and given to us with the collection. It is split up into 6 different folders. Also in this series is the small amount of correspondence we have and her travel documentation from her trip to Europe which includes her passport.

The Literary series is composed mostly of her notes from experiments and her drafts of the scientific papers that she wrote on her experiment. Along with the notes and drafts are the published papers in many cases. One exception is a poem that she labeled "the cookie".

The Subject series includes many papers and pamphlets sent by the Audubon Society to Mary Harman since she was head of the local group here in Manhattan

The Diagrams series is made up of the different drawings that were made by Mary either to help her instruct students or to make slides, however, many are unidentified; those that have been identified are filed with the scientific paper that they are related to within the Literary Series. Some are small and are in folders, however many are large and mounted on cardboard.

The Artifact series is made up of items that Mary likely used while teaching, they are in the smaller of the two flat boxes. These items include slides that were often made from diagrams that are also included in the collection. There are multiple cloth signs from the Audubon society that were put in areas that were bird sanctuaries; however there is only one sign design. Also in the Artifact series are dissection kits and other tools used by Mary. The kits have a wide array of scalpels, measuring devices, forceps, and scissors.

The Photograph series is made up of small photos and are in contained a box in the smaller of the flat boxes with the artifacts. Most of these are unidentified, although a few are from a trip to Mount Baker, Washington.

The Printed Materials consists of several scientific papers that were written by Mary's colleagues and sent to her.

Container List

Box Folder
            Biographical Series
01    01       Biographic Booklet, Part 1 - Intro & Table of Contents
      02       Biographic Booklet, Part 2 - Degrees Earned
      03       Biographic Booklet, Part 3 - Teaching Experience
      04       Biographic Booklet, Part 4 - Professional Activities
      05       Biographic Booklet, Part 5 - Social Life
      06       Biographic Booklet, Part 6 - Photos
      07       Correspondence from Others (1931-1948) 
      08       K-State Items (1936-1956)
      09       Recognition for Work at K-State 
      10       Travel Documents (1928)

            Literary Series (1912-1948)
      11      "Abnormalities in the Chick Embryo"
      12      "Another Case of Gynandromorphism"
      13      "Beginnings of Life"
      14      Cell Paper (Untitled, no first page)
      15      "The "Cell Theory" theory or fact?"
      16      "Chromosome Studies in Tettigidae. II . Chromosomes of Paratettix BB and CC and Their Hybrid BC"
      17      "Concerning the Origin of the Notochord in the Chick"
      18      "Concerning the Postnatal Obliteration of the Umbilical Vein and Arteries, the Vitelline Vein and 
                 Artery, and the Ductus Arteriosus in the Guinea Pig" 
      19      "The Development and Atresia of the Graafian Follicle and the Division of Intra-Ovarian Ova in the 
                 Guinea Pig" 
      20      "The Development of the External Form of a Squid Embryo"
      21      "The Development of the External Form of the Guinea-Pig (Cavia Cobaya) Between the Ages of 11 Days 
                 and 20 Days Gestation"
      22      "The Development of the External Form of the Guinea-Pig (Cavia Cobaya) Between 15 Days and 21 Days
      23      "The Development of the External Form of the Guinea-Pig (Cavia Cobaya) Between the Ages of 21 Days 
                 and 35 Days Gestation"
      24      "The Development of the Ovary of the Guinea Pig..."
      25      "The Development of the Spermatozoon in Cavia Cobaya"
      26      "The Development of the Suprarenal Glands in the Guinea-Pig (Cavia Cobaya)"
      27      "Disturbances of Reproduction and Ovarian Changes in the Guinea-Pig in Relation to Vitamin C 

02    01      "The Effect of a Vitamin C Deficient Diet upon the Tensile Strength and Muscle Fasciae of Guinea-Pigs"
                 and Rejection Letter
      02      "Embryology in Comprehensible Terms"
      03      "Endometrial Hyperplasia Observed in Experimental Guinea Pigs"
      04      Exam of E.L.Lahr
      05      Exam of M.H.Radi
      06      "Experimental Diets with Special Reference to Vitamin C Deficiency, and Reproduction and Growth of 
      07      "Further Observations on Reproduction in Guinea Pigs Fed Vitamin C at Different Levels"
      08      "Further Studies of the Abnormalities of the Central Nervous System of the Chick"
      09      "A General Review of a Series of Whole Mounts Showing" Embryological Development of a Squid"
      10      "Genetic Aspects of Pigment Production in the Guinea Pig" (1 of 2)
      11      "Genetic Aspects of Pigment Production in the Guinea Pig" (2 of 2)
      12      "Heat as a Factor in Producing Abnormalities During Incubation in the Chick"
      13      "The Influence of Certain Genetic Factors Upon Eye Color in the Guinea Pig"
      14      "Introduction to Tocytology" by Lester Allen Sharp
      15      "An Investigation Into the Possible Relationship Between Vitamin C and the Adrenal Cortex of the
                 Guinea Pig"
      16      "Laboratory Outlines for Embryology"
      17      "Lack of Vitamin C in the Diet and Its Affect on the Jaw Bones in Cavia Cobaya"
      18      "The Maturation and Segmentation of the Eggs of Leptoplana"
      19      "Method of Cell-Division in the Sex Cells of Taenia Teniaeformis"
      20      "Notes on the Observations of the Embryological Development of the Living Squid"
      21      "Number and Behavior of Chromosomes in Cavia Cobaya"
      22      "Observations on the Breeding of the Guinea-Pig"
      23      "Observations on the Ossification of the Foot-Bones in Polydactyl and Normal Chicks"
      24      "Parthenogenesis in the Ovaries of Guinea Pigs"
      25      "Pigment Production in the Guinea Pig"
      26      "Polydactyl Feet of Two Strains of Chick"
      27      "Preliminary Report on Coyote Study for Winter of 1948" 
      28      Preservation Techniques
      29      "A Probable Case of Superfetation in the Cow"

03    01      "Reproduction As a Factor in Animal Populations"
      02      "The Reproductive System of Apotettix Eurycephalus Hancock"
      03      "The Skeletal Development of the Anterior Limb of the Guinea-Pig, Cavia Cobaya Cuv., from the 25-Day
                 Embryo to the 161-Day Postnatal Guinea-Pig" 
      04      "Some Effects of Experimental Diets Upon the Reproduction and Growth of the Guinea Pig (Cavia Cobaya)
      05      "Some Effects of Vitamin C-Deficiency Upon the Male Guinea Pig"
      06      "Some Effects on Guinea Pigs of Feeding Vitamin C Intermittently" 
      07      "Some Effects on the Cortex of the Adrenal Glands of Guinea Pigs Deprived of Vitamin C in Their Diet"
      08      "Some Embryological Aspects of Vitamin C-Deficiency in the Guinea Pig (Cavia Cobaya)"
      09      "Some Experiments with Vitamin C and Its Effects on the Blood of Guinea Pigs"
      10      "Some Observations on the Development of the Teeth of Cavia Cobaya"
      11      "Spermatogenesis in Paratettix"
      12      "To a Cookie"
      13      Two Headed Calf
      14      "Two Pigs Within a Single Chorion with Some Considerations Concerning Monochorionic Twins"
      15      Unidentified Pages from Scientific Papers
      16      Unidentified Students Test and Paper
      17      "Vitamin C and the jaws of guinea-pigs"
      18      "Vitamin C Deficiency and Reproduction"

            Subject Series (Audubon Society Material) (1922-1952)
      19      "An Announcement to Teachers"
      20      Bird Banding (Several Publications)
      21      "Bird Houses and How to Build Them"
      22      "Bird Life Among Lava Rock and Coral Sand"
      23      "Books on Birds and Natural History"
      24      "Books on Birds, Mammals, Reptiles, Fishes, and General Zoology"
      25      "Conservative Conservation"
      26      "The Crow in its Relations to Agriculture"
      27      "Dealers in Bird-Attracting Devices"
      28      "The English Sparrow as a Pest"
      29      "A Field Guide to Birds of Central Kansas"
      30      "Flight Speed of Birds"
      31      "Food and Economic Relations of North American Grebes"
      32      "Food of American Phalaropes, Avocets, and Stilts"
      33      "Food of Some Well-Known Birds of Forest, Farm, and Garden"
      34      "Homes for Birds"
      35      "How to Attract Birds in the East Central State"
      36      "Keys to North American Birds"
      37      "The Migration of North American Birds" Our Migratory Wild Fowl and Present Conditions Affecting their
      38      "Our Migratory Wild Fowl and Present Conditions Affecting their Abundance" 
      39      Notepad to keep track of birds seen
      40      "Slate-Colored Junco"
      41      "Some Common Birds Useful to the Farmer"
      42      "Some Common Game, Aquatic, and Rapacious Birds in Relation to Man"
      43      "Usefulness of Birds on the Farm"
      44      "Winter Birds"

            Diagram Series (1912-1948)
      45      Diagrams on Hard Paper in Ink
      46      Diagrams on Regular Paper
      47      "Some Observations on the Development of the Teeth of Cavia Cobaya"

04            Unidentified diagrams
05          Artifact Series (1912-1948)
              Glass Slides
              Dissection Kits
              Card Catalog of Publications (By Author + Unidentified Cards)   
            Photograph Series n.d.
              Unidentified photographs

06          Printed Material Series


Action of Thyroxin on Estrogen-Induced Changes in Blood Chemistry and Endosteal - Margaret R. McDonald, Oscar Riddle, and Guinevere C. Smith 1945

Adult Scurvy, a Clinical and Hematological Study - W. W. Bondurant Jr. 1934

The Aging Process in the Guinea Pig - James B. Rogers 1951

An Analysis of Data on X-Ray-Induced Visible Gene Mutations on Drosophila Melanogaster - H. C. Fryer and John W. Gowen 1942

Archiv Fur Gynakologie - W. Neuweiler 1936

Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) in Sprouted Oats - Ralph Bogart and J. S. Hughes 1935

The Cat as a Host of the Nematode Physaloptera Felidis Ackert - James E. Ackert 1941

The Chromosomes of the Chimpanzee - C. H. Yeager, T. S. Painter, R. M. Yerkes 1940

Ciliated Epithelial Cells Lining the Oesophagus of Young Turkeys and Chick Embryos - S. A. Edgar 1947

Clarence Erwin McClung - D. H. Wenrich 1946

Clarence Erwin McClung, 1870-1946 - D. H. Wenrich 1946

Clarence Erwin McClung, In Memorium - D. H. Wenrich 1946

Color Inheritance in Galloway-Holstein Crosses - W. T. White and Heman L. Isben 1935

Comparison Entre L'Action Anti-Inflammatoire De La Cortisone Et De L'Association Phenerganirgapyrine Sur L'Arthrite Experimentale - Pierre Ducommun, Bernard Jacot, Lucien L. Coutu. Paul Koch, and Hans Seyle 1952

Correlation of Hereditary and Other Factors Affecting Growth in Guinea Pigs - Orsin N. Eaton, USDA Bulletin 1932

The Cultivation of Trichomonas Augusta (Protozoa) from Frogs - D. H. Wenrich 1945

Culture Experiments on Intestinal Flagellates. I. Trichomomnad and Other Flagellates Obtained from Man and Certain Rodents - D. H. Wenrich 1946

Culture Experiments on Intestinal Flagellates. IV. Selected Longevity Records to September 15th, 1947 - D. H. Wenrich

The Effect of Reproduction and Estrogen Administration on the Partition of Calcium, Phosphorus, and Nitrogen in Pigeon Plasma - Margaret R. McDonald and Oscar Riddle 1945

The Effect of the Administration of Acid and Alkaline Salts upon the Ascorbic Acid Content of Guinea Pig Tissues - Estelle E. Hawley, Ray G. Daggs, and Doran J. Stephens 1938

The Effect of the Administration of Sodium Bicarbonate and of Ammonium Chloride on the Amount of Ascorbic Acid Found in the Urine - Estelle E. Hawley, John P. Frazer, Lucious L. Button, and D. J. Stephens 1937

The Effects of Vitamin C Deficiency on Tooth Structure in Guinea-pigs - E. Wilfred Fish and Leslie J. Harris 1935

Endocrine Studies - O. Riddle, W. F. Hollander, M. R. McDonald, E. L. Lahr, G. C. Smith, and V. M. Rauch (2 Copies, one with Rauch(1944) and one without(1945))

Eugenics Pamphlets -

The Excretion of Vitamin C in Normal Individuals Following a Comparable Quantitative Administration in the Form of Orange Juice, Cevitamic Acid by Mouth and Cevitamic Acid Intravenously - Estelle E. Hawley, D. J. Stephens, and George Anderson 1935

Familial Incidence of a Toxemia of Pregnancy in the Guinea Pig - James B. Rogers, Edward J. Vanloon, and Mary Frank Beattie 1951

The Fertile Mule from Arizona - Harry H. Smith 1939The Forty-Second Stated Meeting of the American Ornithologists' Union - T. S. Palmer 1925

Folic Acid and Vitamin B12 as Antianemia Factors - Beulah D. Westerman 1950

The Fourty-Second Stated Meeting of the American Ornithologists Union - T. S. Palmer 1925

Frank Nelson Blanchard - A. Franklin Shull 1937

Frank Smith - Paul S. Welch 1942

Garden Irises - USDA Bulletin 1926

Goiter in Domestic Pigeons - W. F. Hollander and Oscar Riddle 1946

Guide to General Zoology Laboratory - M. J. Harbaugh and A. L. Goodrich

Haploid, Diploid, Triploid, and Tetraploid Chromosome Numbers and their Origin in Parthenogenetically Developed Larvae and Frogs of Rana Pipiens and R. Palustris - Charles L. Parmenter 1933

High Points of the Education for Marriage and Family Relations - The American Hygiene Association 1934

History of the Department of Zoology, University of Missouri - Winterton C. Curtis 1949

Horn Inheritance in Galloway-Holstein Cattle Crosses - W. T. White and Heman L. Ibsen 1936

Impermeability of the Calcified Collagenous Matrix of Bone Dentine and Cementum - E. W. Fish?

The Influence of Transplantation Upon Immunological Prperties of Leukemic Cells - E. C. MacDowell, J. S. Potter and M. J. Taylor 1939

Inherited Susceptibility to Acute Mastitis in Cattle - W. T. White and Heman L. Isben 1934

Intercellular Substances in Experimental Scorbutus - S. Burt Wolbach and Percy R. Howe 1926

Intersexuality in Male Embryos of Pigeons - Ernest L. Lahr and Oscar Riddle 1945

The Journal of Nutrition - , Aug 1934, Feb 1936

Kansas Educational Directory - Elizabeth Wooster Lorraine 1922

Limnological Society of America - Paul S. Welch 1944

A Method for the Quantitative Determination of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) - Henry Tauber and Israel S. Kleiner 1935

Morphology and Cytology of Protozoa - D. H. Wenrich 1947

Necrology, Dr. Henry Baldwin Ward (1865-1945) - James E. Ackert 1946

The Occurance of the Double-Muscled Character in Purebred Beef Cattle - A. D. Weber and Heman L. Isben 1934

Oceanographic Laboratories - University of Washington 1936, 1937, 1941

On Extra-Adrenal Actions Of Adrenocorticotrophic Preparations - Bernard Jacot and Hans Selye 1952

On Partial Melanism Associated with Parathyroid Enlargement in Pigeons - W. F. Hollander and Oscar Riddle 1945

The Parthenogenetic Development of Eggs in the Ovary of the Guinea Pig - Leo Loeb 1932

The Partition of Reduced Ascorbic Acid in Blood - D. J. Stephens and Estelle E. Hawley 1936

Pituitary and Sex Hormones which Increase Plasma Calcium in Birds and Mammals - Oscar Riddle and Louis B. Dotti 1945

Plasma Ascorbic Acid and Pituitary-Adrenal Activity - F. R. Skelton and C. Fortier 1951

Puget Sound Marine Station - University of Washington 1916

Relation of Cortisone-Induced Lymphopenia to Translated Sarcoma in Hamsters - Edward D Crabb and Margaret A. Kelsall 1951

Report of the Secretary - T. S. Palmer 1925

The Role of Nutrition In Preventative Medicine - F. F. Tisdall 1945

Some Effects of Cortisone on Vitamin C Deficient Guinea Pigs - E. H. Herrick, E. Ruth Mead, Barbara W. Egerton, and J. S. Hughes 1952

Some Influences of the American Hookworm - James E. Ackert 1952

The Species of Trichomonas in Man - D. H. Wenrich 1947

Spermatogenesis of a Mantid Choeradodis Rhombicollis (Latereille) - Elliot C. Williams 1938

Stimulation of Adrenal Cortex of Pigeons by Ant. Pituitary Hormones and by Their Secondary Products - Richard A. Miller and Oscar Riddle 1939

Studies on Mineral Deficient Diets as Factors in Resistance of Fowls to Parasitism - S. M. Gaafar and J. E. Ackert

A Study of the Cytoplasmic Components and Inclusions of the Developing Guinea Oig Egg - H. W. Beams and R. L. King 1936

"Synthetic" Scurvy - A. J. Lorenz 1936

Transactions of the American Microscopical Society - American Microscopical Society Apr 1923

Treatment of Adult Scurvy with Crystalline Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) - Irving Sherwood Wright 1934

Unterschiede Der Zahmen und Wilden Meerschweinchen (Cavia Porcellus L. und Cavia Rufescens Lund) Bezuglich Ihrer Immunisierbarkeit durch Diptherieanatoxin - Greta von Ubisch and Jandyra Planet Do Amaral 1938

Urinary Excretion of Vitamin C - Alfred F. Hess and Helen Rivkin Benjamin 1934

Versuche Uber Den Vitamin C-Stoffwechsel Bein Fetus - W. Neuweiler 1935

Vitamin C and its Effects on the Structure of Teeth - A. T. Pitts 1935

The Vitamin C Requirement of the Guinea Pig - Margaret Dann and George R. Cowgill 1934