The Daniel M. Braum Papers (1935-1998) were donated to Kansas State University by his daughter, Wava Skaggs, in December 2005. The majority of the papers document the professional career of Daniel Braum from 1940-1965, in addition to containing information about his personal activities and family. The family placed additional material in the collection about the Braums after Daniel's death in 1981.
Comprising 8 linear feet of shelf space, the Braum Papers are contained in fourteen document boxes and two flat boxes and span the years 1935-1998. The Braum Papers are divided into eight series: 1) Correspondence, 1935-1987; 2) Subjects, 1943-1998; 3) Literary Works; 4) Organizations and Conferences, 1948-1958; 5) Certificates, Awards, Diplomas 1924-1978; 6) Printed Material, 1938-1957; 7) Photographs; and 8) Over Size.
Braum was born in Kansas in 1896 and he graduated from Kansas State Agricultural College in 1924 with a degree in agriculture. The bulk of the collection consists of information regarding his involvement with the advancement of farm work simplification, scientific management, and public administration with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, General Services Administration, University of the Philippines, and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. The papers contain both personal and business correspondence received from numerous people throughout Braum's life. Braum is the author of A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines, and a typescript of the book is preserved in the collection.
The accession number assigned to the collection is P 2005.07. The processing of the papers was completed by Casey Thilges, student processor, in January 2006.
1896 Born in Jackson County, Kansas, on farm 2 1/2 miles south of Denison, Kansas on February 1 1913 Graduated Denison High School, Denison, Kansas 1913-1915 Prep School in Agriculture, Manhattan, Kansas 1915-1917 Cooper College, Sterling, Kansas 1918 Served in World War I 1920 Married Roberta M. Myers on December 20 1920-1922 Farmed for his father, John Henderson Braum, south of Denison, Kansas 1924 Graduated from K-State, BS degree in Agriculture 1924-1927 County Farm Bureau Agent, Burlington, Kansas 1927-1930 Operated his own farm in northeast Kansas 1930-1935 Returned to serving as County Farm Bureau Agent, Iola, Kansas 1935-1937 Soil Conservation Service Training Specialist, Iola, Kansas; directed job training in 59 Civilian Corps Camps in the Midwest 1937-1939 Soil Conservation Service Training Specialist; Salina, Kansas 1939-1940 Soil Conservation Service Training, Amarillo, Texas 1940-1950 Entered Training Division of US Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.; helped install the National Farm Work Simplification Laboratory at Purdue University Began using principle of Scientific Management to develop method of constructing training program 1947 Delegate to International Management Congress in Stockholm; delivered paper on "Progress of Scientific Farm Management." 1949 3rd General Semantic Congress, Denver, CO; delivered paper "Peaceful Approach to Work" 1950-1952 Became Chief of Training for the General Services Administration; served as consultant in Public Administration to the Philippine government 1951 Delegate to International Management Congress in Brussels 1952 Awarded fellowship to District of Columbia Chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management 1952-1955 Prof on faculty of Univ of Philippines as Dir of In-Service Training in the New Institute of Public Administration; directed training of supervisors, executives and bureau chiefs, and conducted government-wide conferences in budgeting, personnel management and records management; with Philippine officials, developed training policy and plans for Philippine Government Authored book, Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines Assisted Dr. Lillian M. Gilbreth in organizing Philippine Council of Government when it was given membership in the International Committee of Scientific Management 1955-1965 Returned to U.S. as training officer of Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service of USDA in Washington, D. C.; developed training policy and plans for the Service which was responsible for price support and management of surpluses for the US. 1957 Assigned for 3.5 months to Indonesian Government to conduct demonstrational management training; prepared dual language flip charts for instruction which were published 1959 Delegate to International Management Conference in Paris Participated in the American Society for Public Administration Management Institute at the University of Colorado Received USDA superior service award 1963 Member of the Board of Governors for the planning of the International Industrial Engineers Conference in New York City Delegate to International Management Conference in New York City 1964 Awarded life membership to D.C. Chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management 1965-1980 Retired from USDA Commodity Stabilization Service; became part-time consultant, Agriculture International Development, Foreign Training Division, USDA; developed and conducted the management program for foreign trainees 1966 Received the Gilbreth Medal for his contributions to the application of time and motion studies 1978 Recognized by the National Republican Committee from President Ronald Reagan for his generosity and service to the Republican Party 1981 Died, October 26 in Rockville, Maryland; buried in Denison Kansas Cemetery
The Daniel M. Braum Papers document the professional career of Braum from 1940-1965. They also include information about his personal activities and family during that time as well as after his death in 1981 when information was added to the collection by the family covering the years 1982-1998. Throughout Braum's work he was greatly involved with the advancement of farm work simplification, scientific management, and public administration. He worked for the United States Department of Agriculture training division from 1940-1950. During this time he helped establish the National Farm Work Simplification Laboratory at Purdue University. He was also employed as the Chief of Training for the General Services Administration (1950-1952) and became a consultant for the Philippine Government (1952-1955). After spending three years working in the Philippines, he returned to work in Washington, D.C. as a training officer of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service for the USDA from 1955-1965.
The Braum Papers are divided into eight series: 1) Correspondence, 1935-1991; 2) Subjects, 1943-1998; 3) Literary Works; 4) Organizations and Conferences, 1948-1958; 5) Certificates, Awards, Diplomas 1924-1978; 6) Printed Material, 1938-1957; 7) Photographs; and 8) Over Size.
The first series, Correspondence (1935-1991), is divided into two sub series. The first includes both business and personal correspondence received from numerous people throughout Braum's life. The letters are organized alphabetically and include correspondence from Roberta Braum and John H. and Mary Ann (Loughridge) Braum. The series contains numerous letters with Dr. Lillian Gilbreth that involves their work with farm work simplification, as well as personal matters after Daniel and Roberta Braum became close friends with Gilbreth. Gilbreth became known as the "mother of modern management" and, with her husband, Frank, pioneered industrial management techniques that are still practiced. Correspondence with Dan Copell, E.C Young, Lowell Hardin, the farm work simplification project director, and a number of other individuals also address Braum's involvement with farm work simplification. White House correspondence includes a small number of invitations and personal notes sent to Braum by Presidents Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter. The second sub series contains general correspondence and is organized chronologically from 1935-1975. The majority of these letters are related to Braum's professional career and his involvement with farm work simplification, public administration, and scientific management. The letters also address a number of committees and conferences Braum was involved with throughout his career including the Executive Committee, Agricultural Committee, and the Agricultural Management Conference at Purdue.
Subjects (1943-1998) is divided into 10 sub series: 1) The Braum Family contains newspaper clippings and articles concerning Bill Braum and other Braum family members; 2) Denison, Kansas History includes information about the history of the town; 3) Farm Work Simplification involves reports, literary works, and other information including course outlines and material, charts/graphs, and printed material outlining Braum's involvement in the development of farm work simplification; 4) Lillian Gilbreth contains biographical information and printed material about Dr. Gilbreth and her work with time and motion study analysis; 5) Lectures consists of a class orientation lecture and a lecture series given in 1949; 6) Open Door Policy (1946) includes the policy and contract used when this program was established; 7) Philippines contains documents and other papers including Braum's literary works from his time spent teaching in that country; 8) Semantics (1948-1949) includes course material and information on semantics taught at Purdue University; 9) Scientific Management and Christianity consists of 3 papers written by Braum on the subject and also his notes and Christian publications; and 10) Management involves literary works by Braum on management applied to the home, management development, and labor management, also includes Braum's notes on the topic and charts/graphs.
The third series, Literary Works, contains two important works written by Braum. The first is entitled "A Peaceful Approach to Work." A number of abstracts, critiques, and drafts are included. Also, a complete typescript of Braum's book A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines is retained in this series.
The series Organizations and Conferences consists of seven sub series. The first is the American Society of Mechanical Engineers that includes information about the Farm Management Committee set up by Braum in 1948. The second, Bureau of Ships, contains papers on leadership and communication. The third sub series is the International Committee of Scientific Management (CIOS) and contains a day book written by Braum while attending one of its conferences in Paris in 1957. The fourth is the International Management Conference. It contains papers written by Braum to be presented at the 8th and 9th Conferences. The fifth sub series contains the Purdue Farm Cardiac Project (1958). The sixth, The Society for the Advancement of Management, houses information and papers on the advancement of management. The final sub series includes miscellaneous papers and documents from unidentified organizations and/or conferences.
The Certificates, Awards, and Diplomas series contains eleven certificates, awards, and diplomas Braum received throughout his lifetime. The series includes certificates of merit from the USDA, ten and twenty year service awards from the USDA, and a certificate of recognition from Ronald Reagan and the National Republican Party for Braum's service to the Republican Party.
Printed Material, the sixth series, contains various items that are related to most of the other series or sub series. These include Farm Work Simplification, the Philippines, International Committee of Scientific Management, the International Management Conference, Scientific Management, and a copy of Braum's book A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines.
The Photographs series contains several hundred images including those of the Braum family, Philippines, China, Hong Kong, USDA, International Management Conference, International Committee on Scientific Management, and miscellaneous. They provide excellent pictorial documentation of family members and the locations where Braum worked.
The final series, Over Size, contains photographs, certificates, awards, diplomas, posters, photo albums, and memorabilia from Braum's life including an audio tape of Dr. Lillian Gilbreth and a photograph album that includes photographs from Braum's service in World War I and other personal and family photographs.
Included with the papers were nineteen books from Daniel and Roberta Braum, many of which were signed and presented to them by the authors. They have been cataloged and added to the library of the University Archives.
Box Folder Contents Correspondence, Alphabetical 01 01 Barrett, Rollin; Sep 1942-Nov 1943 02-03 Braum, Roberta; Christmas 1951-Mar 1991 04-07 Copell, Don; Sep 1942-Mar 1946 08 Braum, John H. & Mary Ann (Loughridge); Jun-Jul 1947 09 Gant, George; May 1947 10-27 Gilbreth (personal), Lillian; Oct 1948-Dec 1966 02 01-05 Gilbreth (personal), Lillian; Jan 1967-Mar 1969 06 Gilbreth (children), Lillian; Mar 1964-Feb 1985 07 Gilbreth (Farm Work Simplification), Lillian; Sep 1942-Oct 1947 08-09 Hardin, Lowell; Mar 1943-Jan 1951 10 Henney, Homer; Nov 1942-Sep 1943 11 Hill, Grover; No Date 12 Hughes, Charles; Mar-Nov 1945 13 Kansas State University; Nov 1945-Sep 1954 14 Lathrop, Merle; Jan 1943-Jul 1980 15-16 Mann, Albert; Sep 1942-Mar1946 17 Mattern, H.C.; Mar 1946-Jan 1949 18 Porter, David; Sep 1942-Dec 1945 19-20 Venard, C.L; Feb 1944-Jan 1980 21 White House; Oct 1945-Feb 1985 22-25 Young, E.C.; Jan 1942-May 1946 Correspondence, General 26 1935 27 1942 28-29 1943 30 1944 31-33 1945 03 01-04 1946 05-06 1947 07 1948 08-11 1949 12-14 1950 15-20 1951 21 1952 22 1953-1955 23 1956-1988 24 No Date Subjects Braum Family Bill Braum 04 01 Newspaper clippings (1982-1994) 02 Magazine articles (June/July 1994) Other 03 Funeral programs/eulogy 04 Newspaper clippings (1998) 05 Magazine article (April 1954) 06 Denison, KS – History (1981) Farm Work Simplification, Purdue, West Lafayette, Indiana 07 Work simplification report (July 1943-1945) Literary Works 08 Reid 09 Hardin, Lowell Scientific Management in Agriculture 10 "A New Field in Scientific Management" 11 Literary works by Braum 12 Summary report (October 1945) 13 Mechanization (1948) 14 Questions on application of scientific management 15 Minutes of meeting on scientific management (November 1945) Farm Work Simplification Course Material, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 16 Course outline; preliminary program (1943) Course on supervision 17 Course material for week of October 16 18 Course material for week of Oct. 23 & 30 19 Course material for week of November 6 20 Course material for week of November 13 21 Rubber project (1943) 22 Charts/Graphs Printed Material 23 Magazine articles (1943-1944) 24 Programs (1944-1946) Gilbreth, Lillian 25 Works by Gilbreth 26 Biographical information Printed Material 27 Newspaper clippings 28 "The Gilbreth Story" (1962) 29 Miscellaneous Lectures 30 Thematics of design class orientation (1952) 31-32 Lecture series (1949) Open Door Policy (1946) 33 Policy 34 Contract 35 Printed material 05 Philippines 01 Journals/Diaries (1954) 02 Correspondence (1952-1958) 03 Contract (1952) 04 Financial documents (1952) Course material for scientific management 05 Enrollment figures (1952-1955) 06 Course outlines (1952) 07 Case studies Semi-annual reports 08 May 1955 09 November 1955 10 June 1956 Literary Works-Braum 11 "The Administration and the Internal Auditor" 12 Labor department talks 13 Radio Speech (1954) 14 "Relationship of Management to Science and Technology" 15 "Relationship of the Work Itself…" 16 Rotary meeting speech (1952) 17 "Scientific Management and Public Administration" 18 "Some Foundations of Group Action" (1951) 19 "What is Management" (1954) 20 Training suggestions Printed Material 21-27 In-service training programs (1953-1954) 28 Charts/Graphs 29 Program (1954) 30 Newspaper clippings (1953, 1954) Semantics 31 Course material (1948) 32 3rd Congress (1949) 33 Institute of general semantics information sheet (1948) Scientific Management and Christianity Literary Works-Braum 34 1951 35 Two greatest forces in the world paper 36 "Union of Christianity and Scientific Management" 37-38 Notes 39 Christian publications Management Literary Works- Braum 06 01 "Application of Scientific Management of Home" 02 "An Unique Approach to Management Development" (1973) 03 "Labor-Management Statesmanship" 04-05 Literary Works- Other 06 Notes 07 Charts/Graphs Literary Works "A Peaceful Approach to Work" 08 Abstracts 09 Critiques 10 Rough Drafts 11 Discussion Drafts 12 Pre-Congress Drafts "A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines" 13-27 Chapters 1-15 28 Overview Sheet on Book 29 Speech, Gilbreth Award Acceptance (1961) Organizations and Conferences 07 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 01 Student Branches 02 Minutes (April 1949) 03-06 Farm management committee (FMC) 07-08 FMC correspondence (March 1948-July 1950) Bureau of Ships 09 Leadership 10 Assigning work 11 Communication 12 Rules 13 International Committee of Scientific Management (CIOS): day book (Paris, 1957) International Management Conference 14-17 Literary Work-Braum 18 Synopsis 19 The Purdue Farm Cardiac Project (1958) 20 Society for the Advancement of Management 21-22 Miscellaneous 23 Certificates, Awards, Diplomas: (1924, 1952, 1958, 1959, 1963, 1978) Printed Material 24 Braum newspaper clippings 25-28 Farm Work Simplification 08 01-13 Farm Work Simplification newsletters (April 1943-July 1948) 14-17 Philippines 18-21 Management International Committee of Scientific Management (CIOS) 22 Geneva (1949) 23-25 Brussels (1951) 26-27 Paris (1957) International Management Conference (IMC) 09 01 7th IMC, Washington (1938) 02-04 8th IMC, Stockholm (1947) 05 Society for the Advancement of Management (SAM) 06 American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 07-08 Scientific management 09-14 Travel 15-17 Braum 18-22 Others 10 01-12 Others Photographs 11 01 Daniel and Roberta Braum (8); 1952, 1958 02 Daniel Braum (28); 1896, 1953, 1955, 1973, 1980, ND 03 Daniel Braum and miscellaneous people (15); 1947, 1948, 1969?, ND 04 Roberta Braum (9); 1898, 1953, 1955, ND 05-06 Daniel and Roberta Braum Family(16); 1928, 1942, 1968, ND 07 John H Braum Family (15); 1921, 1927, 1938, 1950s, ND 08 Edwin and Ella Myer Family (4); ND 09-10 Miscellaneous Family Photos (13); 1920, 1922, 1947, 1953, ND 11 Braum Family's Friends (3); 1954, 1956, ND 12 Gilbreth, Lillian (1); ND 13 Gilbreth in Philippines (23); 1953, [1952-1955] 14 Gilbreth Children (1);  15 Braum receiving Gilbreth Award (1);  16 Denison, KS High School (1); ND 17 Kansas State Agricultural College (KSAC) (1), ND 18 Postcards (2); ND 19 Camp Mackall Postcards (20); ND 20-21 Photo Christmas cards from Philippines (12); 1953, [1952-1955] 22-25 Photo Christmas cards (42); 1945-1948, 1950, 1958, 1961, ND 12 Philippines 01-03 Miscellaneous (84); 1957, 1959, [1952-1955] 04 Braum in Philippines (13); [1952-1955] 05 Public administration luncheon (4); 1953 06 Braum Home (10); 1953, [1952-1955] 07-10 Boat Trip (49)  11-14 In-service Training Program (87); 1953-1954, [1953-1954] 15 Postcards (15); ND 16 Stockholm (2); 1947, ND 17 Brussels (1); 1951 18 China (5); 1956-1958 19-22 Turks Head (78); ND 13 01 Indonesia (18);  02 Japan (1); ND Hong Kong 03-07 Scenery/People (99); ND 08 Postcards (12); ND 09 Morton Brothers Farm-Lebanon, IL (8);  10 Farming (35); 1940-1941, 1947, ND US Dept. of Ag 11-12 "Improving Farm" (40); ND 13 Building (1); ND 14 Extension Service (4) ND 15 Superior Service Award (1); May 1959 16 Woodland Park Conference, Manitou Park Experimental Forest (5); May 1942 17 Small Business Advisory Committee Meeting (6);  18 Management Association Dinner (3);  19 International Management Conference (2); 1947 20 International Committee of Scientific Management (CIOS), Paris (1); 1957 21 Kiwanis (1); ND 22 Drottingholm (sailing to Stockholm) (6); 1947 23 Corregidor (23); ND 24 Hunting (3); ND 25 Juan Luna Day Celebration (2); October 23, 1954 26 October 1941 (9) 27 October 1955 (26) 28 July 1956 (5) 29 July 1957 (32) 30 May 1958 (1) 14 01 People (Identified) (11); ND Miscellaneous 02-07 People (77); ND 08-09 Landscape (34); ND 10-12 Buildings (69); 1951, ND 13 Horse (10); ND 14 River/Boats (10); ND 15 Swimmers (2); ND 16-17 Miscellaneous Photos (31); ND 18-26 Negatives Over Size Photographs 15 01 Daniel Braum 02 Cooper College football team  Panorama-World War I, Camp Cody, New Mexico-322 Sanitary Train (partial roster) Panorama-World War I, Camp Funston, Kansas, 14th National Army Cantonment Panorama-World War I, Ambulance Company #386, Camp Cody, New Mexico Panorama-Mountains near Deming, New Mexico Certificates, Awards, Diplomas 03 Diploma of Honor (Perfect Attendance)-Jackson County, Kansas Public School  04 Sunday School teacher diploma, Kansas  05 Jackson Country, Kansas Public School Diploma  06 Kansas State Agricultural College Diploma  07 Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society member  08 Certificate of thanks  09 USDA Superior Service Award  10 Society for the Advancement of Management life membership award  11 USDA 10-year service pin Broadsides: General Electric 12 Should Wages Go Up and Down with Profits? 13 General Electric Cuts Prices 14 Should Pay be Equal Everywhere? 15 How big are General Electric Profits? 16 Who told you These Fairy Tales? 17 Cooper College-courses 18 Cooper College-mechanical drawings  16 Wooden desk plate, "Daniel M. Braum" Audio tape: Daniel & Howard Braum Audio tape: Dr. Lillian Gilbreth Medical Banner Framed Gilbreth Commemorative Stamp Photo album-World War One Photo album-Braum family Guest book [1957-1967] Funeral guest book
The following books belonged to Daniel Braum; they have been cataloged for the collection in the University Archives.
Beyer, Prof. H. Otley & De Veyra, Prof. Jaime C. Philippine Saga: A Pictorial History of the Archipelago Since Time Began. Manilla: Capitol Publishing House, 1952. Inscribed by colleagues to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Clark, Pearl Franklin. Challenge of the American Know-How. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1948. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Copeland, Lloyd and Kathryn. Through the Years: History of Denison. Holton: The Gossip Printery, 1982.
Eighth International Management Congress. Vols. I, II, III. Stockholm: Esselte Aktiebolag, 1947 and 1948.
Gardiner, Allen. Denison, Kansas; An Historical and Biographical Account of the Town and Surrounding Community, from Earliest Times to the Present, with a Personal Delineation by the Author. Topeka: Topeka Genealogical Society, 1973. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Grady, James F. & Hall, Milton. Writing Effective Government Letters. Washington, D.C.: Employee Training Publications, 1939. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Improved Techniques for Administration and Control. New York: American Management Association, 1957.
Laurel, Jose P. Bread and Freedom. Manilla: 1953. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Maynard, H.B. Industrial Engineering Handbook. Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1963. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Niles, Mary Cushing. The Essence of Management. Bombay: Orient Longmans, 1956. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Person, H.S. Little Waters: A study of headwater streams & other little waters, their use and relations to the land. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1935.
Rathe, Alex W. & Gryna, Frank M. Applying Industrial Engineering to Management Problems. USA: American Management Association, 1969. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Swaffer, Paul. Look What I Stepped In. Kansas City: The Lowell Press, 1972.
Thompson, Richard N. Languages of the Philippines. Pampanga Province: Community Press, 1953. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Ware, George W. The New Guide to Happy Retirement. New York: Crown Publishers, 1968. Inscribed by author to Daniel and Roberta Braum.
Wilson, Laurence Lee. The Skyland of the Philippines. Baguio: Baguio Printing & Publishing Co, 1953.
Yost, Edna. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth: Partners for Life. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1949.