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Frank Caldwell Hershberger papers


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers

Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers

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Frank Caldwell Hershberger papers, 1905-1965 | Morse Department of Special Collections

By Cindy Von Elling

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Collection Overview

Title: Frank Caldwell Hershberger papers, 1905-1965Add to your cart.

Primary Creator: Hershberger, Frank Caldwell (1888-1965)

Extent: 3.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 05/16/2016

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The papers were assembled by Colonel Frank Caldwell Hershberger (1888-1965) over a long international career as a veterinary medicine specialist. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs and postcards gathered into three scrapbooks dating from 1908-circa 1955.  These albums cover various locations in Europe and Africa, as well as Diamond, Wyoming and the Philippines. Additional loose photographs date from circa 1905 and document his time at the University of Missouri, Camp Marfa (Texas), Fort Monroe (Virginia), Fort Riley (Kansas), Fort Sill (Oklahoma), and Fort Mills (Corregidor, Philippines). Photographs include military officers, military polo teams, training cavalry horses, and the process of transporting horses via troopship. Augmenting the visual materials are articles, diplomatic papers, typescripts, some correspondence and a diary related to Hershberger's work for the Chinese government (1914-1918). One typescript details the history of the Port Veterinarian for the Port of Embarkation, New York, 1921-1945. The collection also includes the Legion of Merit medal, Legionnaire degree, which is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.

Digital images

Biographical Note

Frank Caldwell Hershberger was born in Veedersburg, Indiana on 20 May 1888. An accomplished horseback  rider from an early age, he spent time at George D. Rainsford's Diamond Ranch near Chugwater, Wyoming. He received his Doctorate in Veterinary Medicine from the Kansas City Veterinary College in 1913. Shortly thereafter, the Chinese government hired Hershberger as a veterinary surgeon specializing in horses and cattle. He traveled to Manchuria and Siberia to investigate an anthrax outbreak. He remained in the employ of the Chinese government until 1918.

His enlistment with the Veterinary Corps during World War I led to a long career with the United States Army. He underwent cavalry training at Camp Marfa, Texas in 1919-20. He graduated from Medical Field Service School in 1923, from Army Veterinary School in 1924. From 1930-31 he attended Fort Riley's Cavalry School, where he completed the Troop Officers' Course. Sent to the Philippines, he inspected abattoirs for Fort Mills in Corregidor.

A European trip in 1936-37 took Hershberger through Marseille, Berlin and Amsterdam. He gathered postcards and mementos from hotels, clubs and other sites. An assignment with the Veterinary Corps at Fort Hamilton, New York quickly led to a reappointment by the Order of the Secretary of War in February 1938. Hershberger was given the task of inspecting food shipments through the New York Port of Embarkation in Brooklyn. When the United States entered World War II, the port handled inspections for food shipments to troops overseas. Hershberger established and operated a school to provide intensive training to newly commissioned Veterinary Corps officers.

Upon his death, Dr. Hershberger donated the bulk of his estate to Kansas State University. His relationship with the school began when his alma mater closed in 1918 and transferred its graduate records to Kansas State Agricultural College's Division of Veterinary Medicine.

Administrative Information

Repository: Morse Department of Special Collections

Acquisition Source: Estate of Frank Caldwell Hershberger

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers, 1905-1965],
[Box 2: Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers],

Box 2: Frank Caldwell Hershberger PapersAdd to your cart.
Photo albums, Oversize certificates
Folder 01: Certificates and Diplomas, 1913-1932Add to your cart.
Army Veterinary School; Cavalry School; Missouri State Board of Agriculture; Medical Field Service School; Kansas City Veterinary College
Item 02: Medal in presentation box. Legion of Merit. Legionnaire.Add to your cart.
Item 03: Photograph Album 1. Diamond, Wyoming; Siberia; Manchuria, China; Marfa, TexasAdd to your cart.
Item 04: Photograph Album 2. Postcards, Europe and Africa. Officer photos.Add to your cart.
Item 05: Photograph Album 3. Philippines.Add to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers, 1905-1965],
[Box 2: Frank Caldwell Hershberger Papers],

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