K-State Libraries 
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K-State Libraries
Selected Holdings Related to the History of Science

The following serves as an overview of history of science related archival records and manuscript collections in the department to give the reader an indication of the breadth and depth of the holdings and to lead researchers to sources relevant to their scholarly interests. The descriptions consist of name, date span of contents, concise information about the contents, and size (lf. refers to linear feet of shelf space; -1 indicates that the collection is less than 1 linear foot in size). More comprehensive finding aids exist in the department for many of the collections. Finding aids and additional information about services and materials in the department are also available at http://www.lib.ksu.edu/depts/spec/archives.html Books and periodicals in the University Archives, as well as dissertations, masters theses, and masters reports by K- State graduate students, are not included here; however, they can be readily identified by searching the online catalog of the K-State Libraries.

The history of science collections are divided into four major categories as they relate to K-State academic and research programs; 1) MacDonald Laboratory, Atomic Physics, and History of Physics, 2) Agriculture, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 3) Natural History and Geology, and 4) Military/Industrial Complex--Science and Technology in the Cold War. A fifth group, "General," is included for those collections that do not fit into the other fields.

For additional information about the holdings and services of the department, contact Anthony R. Crawford, Chair, Department of Special Collections, Hale Library, Manhattan, KS 66506; 785-532-7456;

MacDonald Laboratory, Atomic Physics,
and the History of Physics

University Records

Physics, Department of, 1934-1952.

Departmental records including files for the following: President's office, Council of Deans, Arts & Sciences (Dean's office), Division of General Science (Dean's office), Business/Controller's office, Kansas Academy of Science, National Youth Administration, American Institute of Physics, Inventory, Eppley Laboratory. 1 lf.

Eric R. Lyon Papers, 1951-1954; 1960.

Notes on electrodynamics by Lyon, professor in the KSU Department. of Physics. -1 lf.

Dudley Williams Collection, 1934-1973.

Reprints of articles and publications written by Williams, professor in the KSU Dept. of Physics. -1 lf.

Agriculture and Rural Life

University Records

Agricultural Experiment Station Project Files, 1904-1989.

Records of research projects (crops, insects, diseases, chemicals, animals, climate, water, etc.) conducted by AES staff and faculty of various departments. 36 lf.

Agricultural Experiment Station Reports, 1913-1981.

Annual and special reports of 4 branches; Colby, Garden City, Tribune, and Ft. Hays. 8 lf.

(Agriculture) Arthur D. Weber Papers, 1940-1983.

Faculty member and Dean of Agriculture at KSU; papers related to interests in agriculture, livestock industry, projects in India, etc. 20 lf.

Animal Husbandry, Dept. of, 1908-1963.

Records concerning department, faculty, Ft. Hays Experiment Station, professional associations and publications, Kansas State Fair, and other colleges. 3 lf.

(Animal Science and Industry, Dept. of) Block and Bridle, 1936-1994. Finding Aid

Records of student organization including, annual reports, record books, yearbooks, photographs, etc. 10 lf.

Cooperative Extension Service, ca. 1917-1951.

Historical files containing annual and biennial reports, special reports, files regarding various counties, Master Farm and Homemaker work sheets, etc. 21 lf.

(Cooperative Extension Service) Epsilon Sigma Phi, Alpha Rho Chapter, 1930-1993. Finding Aid

Records of Kansas chapter of national professional honorary for Cooperative Extension Service and include the following: correspondence, general files, membership information, minutes, ledgers, and printed material. 6 lf.

(Cooperative Extension Service) Master Farmer and Master Farm Homemaker Records, 1950-1984.

Files document selection of candidates and winners for each year, and publicity. 5 lf.

(Entomology) The Contribution of Kansas to the Science of Entomology by George A. Dean, Dept. of Entomology, 1912-1937.

(Entomology) A History of the Department of Entomology: Kansas State University, 1897-1990. by Herbert Knutson, 1991.

(Entomology) Reginald H. Painter Papers, ca 1920-1985.

Faculty member with international reputation in area of insect resistance in crop plants; collection contains correspondence, notes, drawings, photographs/slides, and publications. 12 lf.
Related Collection: Plant Resistance to Arthropods

(Entomology) Charles V. Riley Charts, ca. 1875.

69 hand painted charts showing the life history of many insects prepared by Riley while a special lecturer on entomology at K-State, 1871-1880.

(Flour and Feed Milling Industries) John A. Shellenberger Papers, 1955-1967.

Faculty member with international reputation; documents and scrapbooks related to career. 2 lf.

4-H and Youth Programs, 1913-1997.

Historical records from KSU 4-H office; annual reports, correspondence, files regarding international programs, photographs, etc. 51 lf.

Great Plains Agricultural Council, 1943-1983.

The Northern and Southern Plains Councils joined in 1946 to form this organization that includes 10 states; Kansas, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma. The Council involves the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and the Land Grant Colleges and Universities of the region to focus on problems of agriculture and solutions in such areas as crops, forestry, grasses, livestock, insect control, water, etc. through research, publications, conferences, etc.; records document activities of KSU as a member of the organization. 20 lf.

Horticulture, Forestry and Recreation Resources, Dept. of.

Primarily the historical records of the Dept. of Horticulture prior to 1995. 15 lf.

(International Agriculture) KSU-U.S. Agency for International Development-India Project, ca 1957-1972.

Records, reports, printed material. 2 lf.

Kansas Association for Family and Community Education (formerly Kansas Extension Homemakers Council), 1914-1984.

Historical records of organization and includes: histories of units in counties throughout the state; presidents' files, financial records, minutes, reports, awards, photographs, printed material. 27 lf.

Kansas Association of Extension Home Economists, 1925-1989.

Historical records of organization including; historian's notebooks, record books, reports, handbooks. 9 lf.

Konza Prairie Historical Files, 1947-1996.

Majority of files are those of Lloyd C. Hulbert, Konza director who died in 1986. Records document the property, The Nature Conservancy, research activities, staff, public programs, institutions and organizations, environmental issues, etc. 9 lf.

Photograph Collections.

Extensive collections of photographs too numerous to describe here that document Kansas agriculture and rural life; large collections received from the following departments--Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Experiment Station, Agronomy, Cooperative Extension Service, 4-H, Horticulture, and Plant Pathology.

Poultry Husbandry, Dept. of, 1903-1975.

Files of Loyal Payne, long time head of department. -1 lf.


Numerous serials, periodicals, and monographs published by the Agricultural Experiment Station and the Cooperative Extension Service, as well as other K-State departments, are preserved and available for study in the University Archives; they can be readily identified by consulting the on-line catalog of the K-State Libraries.

(U.S. Dept. of Agriculture)

Weather and Crop Conditions in Kansas issued by the Section Center of the Weather Bureau, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Topeka, and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (Kansas Section, Topeka) Monthly Climate and Crop Service Preliminary Summaries, 1893-1985. 7 lf.

Veterinary Medicine, College of.

Historical files containing correspondence, reports, photographs, printed material, etc. 6 lf.

Manuscript Collections

Alfalfa Lawn Farms, 1911-1987. Finding Aid

Ranching records and personal papers of Walter and Frances Lewis, Larned, KS. 57 lf.

Dan D. Casement Papers, 1853-1953. Finding Aid

Ranching records of "Juniata," Manhattan, KS, and personal papers of Casement, who had national reputation in agricultural, ranching, cattle, and quarter horse circles. 17 lf.

Donald Christy Collection, 1957-1971.

A farmer and stockman from Scott City, KS with degree in agricultural engineering from Texas A&M; Christy devoted much activity to supporting and promoting the sugar beet industry in both the government and private sectors. -1 lf.

Concerned Citizens United, Inc. Collection, 1973-1974.

Records involving organization's efforts against Kansas Power and Light Co. to build power plant in Pottawatomie County. -1 lf.

FAR-MAR-CO, Inc., 1914-1985. Finding Aid

Reportedly the largest regional grain cooperative in the U.S. when records were received from Farmland Industries in 1985. Records document the company's activities as a major grain cooperative in Kansas and the U.S. 47 lf.

Doris H. Fenton Collection, 1936-1962. Finding Aid

Papers and publications concerning flood of Big Blue River (1951), dams and flood control (mainly Tuttle Creek Dam project), and conservation. 1 lf.

Harry A. Ireland Diaries, 1915-1929.

Ireland graduated from K-State in 1907 with a degree in agriculture; handwritten diaries are actually field notebooks of his activities as an (Extension Agent) in Idaho and Colorado. - 1 lf.

Reuben B. Jolliff Papers, 1895-1898.

Diary and expense account of farming activities in Marshall, MO. -1 lf.

Kanopolis Dam and Reservoir Collection, 1940.

Resolution and report (with graphs) by George S. Knapp, Chief Engineer, Division of Water Resources, Kansas State Board of Agriculture to U.S. Engineer Office, Kansas City, regarding the plan for operation of the reservoir project. -1 lf.

H. G. Keesling Papers, 1886-1899.

Letters regarding poultry business, primarily breeding Langshan chickens in California; editor of The California Cackler. -1 lf.

George W. Koiner, 1915-1922.

Commissioner of Agriculture of Virginia; collection contains correspondence related to National Association of Commissioners of Agriculture. -1 lf.

George M. Munger Journals, 1885-1936.

Daily log books of weather reports, ranch activities, and family events on the ranch ("Catalpa Knob") that produced catalpa and fruit trees, and bred horses and cattle in Greenwood Co., KS, near Eureka. Munger served on the K-State Board of Regents, 1897-1901. 3 lf.

Riley Country Energy Project, 1981-1982.

Study of energy consumption and type of fuel by various users (residential, commercial, etc.) conducted by Manhattan Area Energy Alliance, Tom Phillips, Director. 2 lf.

Rogler Ranch, ca 1927-1985.

Ranching records and personal papers of Wayne Rogler, Chase County, KS. 170 lf

Papers of public officials containing pertinent topics (agriculture, water, minerals, energy, environmental issues, utilities, etc.)

Harold Fatzer, Kansas Supreme Court, 1956-1977. 15 lf

Sheila Hochhauser, Kansas House of Representatives, 1992-1996. 12 lf.

Martha Keys, U.S. House of Representatives, 1977-1978. 29 lf.

Wendell Lady, Kansas House of Representatives, 1968-1982. 18 lf

Bill Roy, U.S. House of Representatives, 1970-1974. 162 lf.

Natural History and Geology

University Records

History of Geology at Kansas State University, 1863- 1953 and Brief History of Geology and Geography at Kansas State University, 1863-1966, both by J.R. Chelikowsky.

History of Geology at Kansas State College by Arthur B. Sperry (prior to 1930?).

Personal Papers

Arthur W. Hershberger Papers, 1909-1975. Finding Aid

Attorney and member of Kansas Board of Regents. Legal Documents series contains drafts of oil and gas leases, 1928- 1965. -1 lf.

Military/Industrial Complex:
Science and Technology in the Cold War

University Records

(Military History) Robin Higham Papers.

Faculty papers of military historian and records of several journals Higham once edited including Military Affairs and Aerospace Historian. Also includes records and manuscripts from Sunflower Press, for which Higham serves as president, publisher of numerous books in the area of military history.

Military Science, Dept. of, 1933-1937.

Daily log books (2 vols) of U.S. Army Military Science Dept. at K-State. -1 lf.

"Kansas State Agricultural College Military Science and Tactics Department" by Arthur R. La Belle, 1987.

Personal Papers

William F.O. Baehr Papers, 1939-1942.

Outgoing and incoming correspondence between Baehr and U.S. Senators and Representatives (mostly those from Illinois where Baehr was head librarian of Augustana College) concerning matters related to WWII. Baehr encouraged them to vote for legislation that would keep the U.S. out of the war, especially the Neutrality Act and Embargo Act, in addition to asking for support of the National Committee on Food for Small Democracies proposed by Herbert Hoover. -1 lf.

Charles M. Haines Collection, 1918.

Notebook kept by Haines while training prior to WWI. -1 lf.

George E. Mixon Aerospace Scrapbooks, 1957-1975.

Coverage of U.S. and Soviet Union manned and unmanned space programs. 68 vols., 27 lf.

Harry C. Rogers Papers, 1862; 1886-1915.

Member Company A, 3Rd Regiment, Kansas National Guard, 1895. Majority of items concern encampment at Emporia in 1885. -1 lf.

T.T. Shorthill Diary, 1862.

Typescript of Civil War diary belonging to Shorthill, who served 3 years with the 38th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company E, apparently as a cook. Entries written while in Tennessee and Kentucky and describe food and meals for troops as well as weather conditions, troop movements, and officers. -1 lf.

Nels A. Tornquist Papers, 1888-1950. Finding Aid

Served in Spanish-American War, Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa, and World War I where he commanded the black 344th Labor Battalion. -1 lf.

U.S. of America Against the Curtiss Aeroplane Co., 1941-1946.

Collection of briefs and opinions prepared by Alexander N. Sack who represented the U.S. and Soviet Union in a claim against the Curtiss Co. that it failed to deliver military aircraft to Soviet Union at the end of WWI. Case reopened in WWII when diplomatic relations were reinstated between the two countries. -1 lf.


University Records

(Chemistry) 100 Years of Chemistry and Chemists at Kansas State University by W.G. Schrenk. 1976.

Records of the President (KSU), 1863- .

The office records for each year contain files related to the above history of science categories. For example, President James McCain's files for one year, 1959-1960, contain the following folder headings: Board of Agriculture (KS), Kansas Livestock Association, School of Agriculture (numerous sub-headings such as Kansas Agricultural Council on Research and Education), Nuclear Engineering Dept., Geology and Geography Dept., Military Science Dept., Physics Dept.- Argonne National Laboratory-Atomic Energy, Carnegie Endowment of International Peace, Research-General (numerous sub- headings), Nuclear Reactor, Radiation Safety Committee, Reactor Hazards Committee, etc.

Veterinary Medicine, College of.

Historical Files collected by former Dean, Don M. Trotter, for history of the college, An 80 Year Review, 1905-1985: Kansas State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1985. 9 lf.

Personal Papers and Records of Private Corporations

Gavitt (W.W.) Medical Company, 1895-1928.

Records of a Topeka based company that sold the Gavitt System Regulator, a herbal laxative in tablet form, to customers throughout the state. Correspondence with customers through the main office, potential sales agents, and agents who reported sales records and reactions from customers to the main office. -1 lf.

George L. Wadsworth, ca 1935-1975.

Psychiatrist and Superintendent of Norton State Hospital. 8 lf.